The Database Passwords are available under Databases on the library website.
- Use quotation marks to begin and end your quote
- Introduce your speaker and provide an explanation of their expertise (both their title and where they work/practice)
- When referring back to a speaker you've previously introduced, use their last name only
- Provide context-- don't just plop a quote in without any explanation.
Reference Books (Encyclopedias)
Using the 5 Ws
Journalists want to get to the truth, and that involves asking and answering all of the following questions:
- What happened? Please be sure to include the magnitude and intensity of earthquake. If there were any other disasters that were started as a result of the earthquake such as tsunamis, mudslides, fires, etc. you should include a discussion of those.
- When did it happen? Please sure to include the month, date, and year. If the earthquake disrupted any notable events (a World Series game, for instance) please be sure to include this information.
- Where did it happen? You will need to describe where the earthquake’s epicenter was located and the area that was affected. You will also need to include 2 maps – one that shows where in the world the country is located and one that shows where the epicenter was located within that country. You will, of course, need to properly cite these maps.
- Why did it happen? Describe the tectonic setting. What type of plate boundary is nearby? Which plates are involved and how are they moving? What type of fault caused the earthquake?
- Who was affected (and how did they respond)? Tell the reader what cities/regions were affected and include a statement about the number of casualties. Have the cities/regions that were affected by the event recovered? Have they changed as a result of the earthquake? If so, how? You will need to include at least one direct quotation from a survivor of the earthquake or an expert who has studied it.
Primary Source Databases
Google place with year: "San Francisco 1906." Add "earthquake" if necessary.
Use Wikipedia sources, but don't cite Wikipedia! (Except maybe for your map.)
Look for sources you know to be reliable/authoritative:
- USGS Historic World Earthquakes
- USGS Significant Earthquakes Archive
- Scientific American
- TIME magazine
- Usual guidelines: news, government, organizations
If in doubt, make your case to Ms. Herring!